Dr. Ulysses Grant Daily achieved prominence in the medical field internationally. His achievements included: helping to found the International College of Surgeons, editing the Journal of the National Medical Association, being a professor of anatomy at Northwestern University, becoming the Honorary Counsel to Haiti, being a correspondent for newspapers internationally (including Pakistan), establishing his own hospital, and practicing medicine internationally.
Katherine Johnson invented a mathematical method for keeping track of spaceships that are outside of the Earth’s atmosphere. She also helped to invent a satellite that has the capability to photograph Earth, and find minerals that are buried under soil.
“We will not be satisfied to take one jot or title less than our full manhood rights. We claim for ourselves every single right that belongs to a freeborn American, political, civil and social; and until we get these rights we will never cease to protest and assail the ears of America. The battle we wage is not for ourselves alone but for all true Americans. It is a fight for ideals, lest this, our common fatherland, false to its founding, become in truth the land of the thief and the home of the slave- a by-word and a hissing among the nations for its sounding pretensions and pitiful accomplishment.
Never before in the modern age has a great and civilized folk threatened to adopt so cowardly a creed in the treatment of its fellow-citizens born and bred on its soil. Stripped of verbiage and subterfuge and in its naked nastiness the new American creed says: Fear to let black men even try to rise lest they become equals of the white. And this is the land that professes to follow Jesus Christ. The blasphemy of such a course is only matched by its cowardice.” -The Niagara Movement (1906)
• Harriet Tubman was born a slave. She escaped slavery in her early 20s.
• Harriet Tubman was a confidante of John Brown.
• Harriet Tubman was a frequent guest at the home of Ralph Waldo Emerson.
• There was a $40,000 ransom for Harriet Tubman’s capture.
• Harriet Tubman opened a home for the elderly on land that she owned.
• Harriet Tubman made about 19 trips to the South the free more than 100 slaves.
[SOURCE: “Black Manhattan” By: James Weldon Johnson]
While a student at the University of California, Lloyd Ferguson created a compound that is capable of gaining and losing oxygen extremely quickly. This compound has been used as a source of oxygen for submarines.
Mr. Ferguson also created the first doctoral program in chemistry at an African American university; Howard University.
Frederick Douglass was reportedly a distant relative of Dr. Daniel Hale Williams, the first physician to perform open-heart surgery. Frederick Douglass gave Dr. Williams the following profound advice: “The only way you can succeed is to override the obstacles in your path; by the power that is within you to do what you hope to do!”
“As a people, we feel ourselves to be not only deeply injured, but grossly misunderstand. Our white fellow-countrymen do not know us. They are strangers to our character, ignorant of our capacity, oblivious of or mist and progress, and are misinformed as to the principles and ideas that control and guide us, as a people. The great mass of American citizens estimate us, as being a characterless and purposeless people: And hence we hold up our heads, if at all, against the withering influence of a nation’s scorn and contempt.”
[SOURCE: “Slavery In New York”]
“I fact, a third of all free black people lived and worked in white households and those who did not labored to support themselves in a tightly restricted job market. Four out of ten black men were in the unskilled rank and their proportion in the skilled trades sharply declined during the first decade of the nineteenth century. White workers employed their numerical advantage and political power to push black laborers from occupations like street carting, in which black people gained a foothold during the labor shortages of the Revolutionary era, beginning an exclusion from the city’s transportation industries that lasted well into the twentieth century. Black women operated in a more restricted labor market, limited to domestic and service trades like household servants, seamstresses, and laundresses.” –From, “Slavery In New York”
[SIDEBAR: Stay tuned for a post on how Black New Yorkers combated this, later in the week. The post will be about the New York African Society For Mutual Relief.]
[SIDEBAR: She is brilliant and gorgeous!]