Black History Fact Of The Day

Red, Black & Green Elsie Law LogoRuth Carol Taylor became the first African-American flight attendant in the United States. She is also a registered nurse and a journalist. In 1955, she graduated from the Bellevue School of Nursing.

On February 11, 1958, she was on a flight from Ithaca to New York City as America’s first Black stewardess. Approximately six months later, she was forced to resign from her flight attendant job due to her marital status. When she got married, she violated a rule that demanded that flight attendants remain single. Carol Taylor later admitted she only had interest in being a flight attendant to combat racism which said that she couldn’t before she was Black.

In 1977, Carol Taylor returned to nursing. She also created the “Racism Quotient,” a test to measure racist attitudes. Also, in 1985, she penned, “The Little Black Book: Black Male Survival In America.”


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Black History Fact Of The Day: The First Black-Owned Hospital

Red, Black & Green Elsie Law LogoIn addition to performing the first successful open heart surgery, Dr. Daniel Hale Williams co-founded the first African-American controlled hospital in the United States. The pioneering Provident Hospital, which was located on Chicago’s South Side, was also the first training facility for African American nurses in America. The hospital was said to have an extremely high success rate for the recovery of its patients.

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The Black History Fact Of The Week

Red, Black & Green Elsie Law LogoDr. Charlotte Hawkins, forged friendships with Langston Hughes, W. E. B. DuBois, and Booker T. Washington to name a few. She was also the aunt of singer, Natalie Cole.

The granddaughter of slaves, Dr. Charlotte Hawkins was born in 1883 in North Carolina. She founded the Palmer Memorial Institute, one of the first prep schools for African-Americans. The school was located in Sedalia, North Carolina. Dr. Hawkins also penned a book on etiquette entitled, “The Correct Thing.”

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Black History Fact Of The Day: How NYC’s Wall Street Got Its Name

Wall Street 1600sIn March 1653, Peter Stuyvesant, the director of the slave-trading Dutch West India Company and the Director-General of New Netherland, now known as New York, ordered slaves to build blockades to serve as protective barriers for the area of lower Manhattan.

Stuyvesant reportedly demanded that the log-made barricade be “12 feet long, 18 inches in circumference, sharpened at the upper end,” and stretch from “river to river across Manhattan Island.

The slaves were burdened with the task of building “The Wall” to help shield the Dutch settlers from New Netherland’s native inhabitants.

After the construction of “The Wall,” the area on which the wall was located was called Wall Street.

[Bibliography: Slavery In New York]

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