On February 11, 1958, she was on a flight from Ithaca to New York City as America’s first Black stewardess. Approximately six months later, she was forced to resign from her flight attendant job due to her marital status. When she got married, she violated a rule that demanded that flight attendants remain single. Carol Taylor later admitted she only had interest in being a flight attendant to combat racism which said that she couldn’t before she was Black.
In 1977, Carol Taylor returned to nursing. She also created the “Racism Quotient,” a test to measure racist attitudes. Also, in 1985, she penned, “The Little Black Book: Black Male Survival In America.”
In addition to performing the first successful open heart surgery, Dr. Daniel Hale Williams co-founded the first African-American controlled hospital in the United States. The pioneering Provident Hospital, which was located on Chicago’s South Side, was also the first training facility for African American nurses in America. The hospital was said to have an extremely high success rate for the recovery of its patients.
Charles Evers, older brother of Medgar Evers, was elected mayor of Fayette, Mississippi in 1969. This election made him the first African-American to be elected as a mayor in the south since the Reconstruction era.
Born on September 11, 1922, Charles Evers is currently 93 years old.
The granddaughter of slaves, Dr. Charlotte Hawkins was born in 1883 in North Carolina. She founded the Palmer Memorial Institute, one of the first prep schools for African-Americans. The school was located in Sedalia, North Carolina. Dr. Hawkins also penned a book on etiquette entitled, “The Correct Thing.”
“The majority of Africans brought to North America to be enslaved were from the central and western areas of Africa- from Congo-Angola, Nigeria, Dahomey, Togo, the Gold Coast, and Sierra Leone.” -From, “Slave Culture” By: Sterling Stuckey
[Bibliography: The Black West By: William Katz]
In March 1653, Peter Stuyvesant, the director of the slave-trading Dutch West India Company and the Director-General of New Netherland, now known as New York, ordered slaves to build blockades to serve as protective barriers for the area of lower Manhattan.
Stuyvesant reportedly demanded that the log-made barricade be “12 feet long, 18 inches in circumference, sharpened at the upper end,” and stretch from “river to river across Manhattan Island.
The slaves were burdened with the task of building “The Wall” to help shield the Dutch settlers from New Netherland’s native inhabitants.
After the construction of “The Wall,” the area on which the wall was located was called Wall Street.
[Bibliography: Slavery In New York]