On March 26, 1845, Joseph Hawkins received a patent for a gridiron that included a trough to catch fats and liquids from meat while it is cooking. This helps to prevent smoke generation while cooking.
Dr. Ulysses Grant Daily achieved prominence in the medical field internationally. His achievements included: helping to found the International College of Surgeons, editing the Journal of the National Medical Association, being a professor of anatomy at Northwestern University, becoming the Honorary Counsel to Haiti, being a correspondent for newspapers internationally (including Pakistan), establishing his own hospital, and practicing medicine internationally.
Katherine Johnson invented a mathematical method for keeping track of spaceships that are outside of the Earth’s atmosphere. She also helped to invent a satellite that has the capability to photograph Earth, and find minerals that are buried under soil.
While a student at the University of California, Lloyd Ferguson created a compound that is capable of gaining and losing oxygen extremely quickly. This compound has been used as a source of oxygen for submarines.
Mr. Ferguson also created the first doctoral program in chemistry at an African American university; Howard University.
Prolific inventor Otis Boykin created dozens of inventions. His inventions include: A control device for the heart pacemaker, an improved electrical resistor used in electronic devices, a chemical air filter, a missile guider,and a burglar-proof cash register.
“South Carolina’s slave-plantation owners had known nothing about how to grow and irrigate rice. That knowledge was brought to the low country by Africans stolen from Sierra Leone by the Royal African Company of England. As the slaves produced the rice that made the plantation owners rich, their glistening backs bore the branded acronym of their corporate captors: R.A.C.E.” -From, “The Reckoning” By: Randall Robinson
Oklahoma, the 46th state to join the United States, was established in 1907. The word Oklahoma comes from the language of the Choctaw. It literally means, “land of the red people.” Many people of African descent formed towns in Oklahoma early on in the state’s formative years.
On December 18, 1907, a month after Oklahoma was founded, the state’s legislature passed its first Jim Crow law, calling for segregation on all forms of public transportation.
Black people who lived amongst the Creek Nation were called Creek Freeman. The Creek Freeman founded several towns in the United States, including an Oklahoma town that they named Twine. The town was named after William Henry Twine. Mr. Twine was a businessman, lawyer, and the owner and operator of the newspaper the Muskogee Cimeter. He was also known as a fierce advocate for his people.
Formed in New York City in 1850, the American League of Colored Laborers (ALCL) was the first African American labor union created in the United States. Frederick Douglass and other activists formed this union as a collective for Black workers who were disallowed from joining White unions.
Claude Harvard is the brains behind several of Ford Motor Company’s patented devices. The ingenious inventor created more that 2 dozen devices that Ford Motor claimed the patents for. As an employee of Ford Motor Company, Claude Harvard relinquished his rights to the patents to the corporatation.