The World’s Plastic Problem

Plastic, a great invention that was create about 150 years ago, has become an enemy to the planet due to human consumption. The June 2018 Edition of National Geographic focuses on how the over-abundance of plastic on the planet is having a deleterious effect on the Earth.

The aforementioned magazine issue states the following plastic facts:

  • 9 million tons of plastic end up in the ocean every year.
  • More than 40% of plastic products is used just once.
  • “The ‘working life’ of a plastic bag is 15 minutes.”
  • Less than 10% of the plastic used in America is recycled.
  • Less than 20% of plastic used worldwide is recycled.
  • Estimates state that it takes anywhere from 450 years to infinity for plastic to completely biodegrade.
  • Plastic that makes its way into the ocean kills millions of sea animals every year.
  • According to some estimates, as the ice in the Arctic Ocean melts, millions of bits of plastic could be released into the ocean.
  • “On some beaches in Hawaii, as much as 15% of the sand is actually grains of microplastic.”
  • The Coca-Cola Company reportedly manufactures 128 billion plastic bottles a year.
  • “Half the plastic ever manufactured has been made in the past 15 years.”
  • Currently, globally, 18% of plastic is recycled.
Facebook Twitter Pinterest Plusone Linkedin Tumblr Email

Black History Fact: The Comprehensive Act & Slavery In America

“An act of 1696, reenacted in 1712 and again in 1722, declared that those who have been sold and their children, are made slaves. By 1725, Governor Arthur Middleton stated that slaves have been and are always deemed as goods and chattel by their masters.

In 1740, The Comprehensive Negro Act abandoned completely the last vestiges of the Barbadian tradition and set slavery on a unique legal foundation. Blacks, Indians, and their heirs were considered slaves, the only colonial law affirming slavery as the presumptive status of persons of color.

The status of Blacks changed from unfree labor to racial slaves. A dark curtain had fallen over the colony. From that time on in law as well as in custom, the wall between white and non-white was set in stone.

The political condition of the African in South Carolina worsened in the 18th century as he was stripped of his humanity as well as his freedom both in theory and in practice.

Slavery in Carolina, from its founding until the Stono Rebellion of 1739, was marked by rising tensions between the races, stricter slave codes, and efforts by whites to maintain control as Blacks increased their numerical superiority.

A ticket was required to leave the place of the master slave patrols enforced the slave code and were on the look out for any signs of rebellion. Punishment of slaves included branding, mutilation, whipping, burning, castration, and execution.

Such measures undoubtedly increased the sense of cohesion among the Black population, but not necessarily a loss of ethnic identity. As Blacks fought back their resistance took many forms including arson, poison, and conspiracy.” -From, “The Gullah People and Their African Heritage” By: William Pollitzer

Facebook Twitter Pinterest Plusone Linkedin Tumblr Email

Quote Of The Day

“The duality of American society today need no longer be reinforced by laws, for it is now and has long been in the minds of men: The Harlems of America, as opposed to those who decide the fate of America’s Harlems. This is essentially a historical continuation today, of yesterday- the plantation mentality, system and division, in the cloak of 20th century enlightenment.” -The Panther 21

Facebook Twitter Pinterest Plusone Linkedin Tumblr Email

Black History Fact Of The Day: The Guided Missile & The Pacemaker

Inventor and engineer Otis Boykin helped to develop the guided missile. He patented over 2 dozen electronic devices. This included the pacemaker.  He was inspired to create the pacemaker sue to his mother dying from  heart failure when he was only a year old. Ironically, Otis Boykin also died from heart failure in 1982.

Facebook Twitter Pinterest Plusone Linkedin Tumblr Email

Black History Fact Of The Day: Harlem, Dr. John Henrik Clarke, and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar

Dr. John Henrik Clarke created the Harlem Youth Action Project.  Kareem Abdul-Jabbar participated in this program as a youth.  In his most recently published book, “Becoming Kareem: Growing Up On And Off The Court,” Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, dedicates the book to Dr. Clarke.  The book’s dedication states:  “This is dedicated to all the young people who value scholarship and the teachers and mentors who sacrifice for them.  I especially want to thank Dr. John Henrik Clarke because the Harlem Youth Action Project, which he created, was crucial to me in understanding my path.”

Facebook Twitter Pinterest Plusone Linkedin Tumblr Email