Inventor and engineer Otis Boykin helped to develop the guided missile. He patented over 2 dozen electronic devices. This included the pacemaker. He was inspired to create the pacemaker sue to his mother dying from heart failure when he was only a year old. Ironically, Otis Boykin also died from heart failure in 1982.
“Because he who controls distribution, controls the wealth. It doesn’t matter what arena you’re in. That’s the reason you don’t have independent Black grocery stores. That’s why you don’t have a daily Black newspaper. That’s why Essence Magazine is no longer Black owned.” -Catherine Hughes
Dr. John Henrik Clarke created the Harlem Youth Action Project. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar participated in this program as a youth. In his most recently published book, “Becoming Kareem: Growing Up On And Off The Court,” Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, dedicates the book to Dr. Clarke. The book’s dedication states: “This is dedicated to all the young people who value scholarship and the teachers and mentors who sacrifice for them. I especially want to thank Dr. John Henrik Clarke because the Harlem Youth Action Project, which he created, was crucial to me in understanding my path.”
“A man is worked upon by what he works on. He may carve out his circumstances, but his circumstances will carve him out as well.” -Frederick Douglass