• Harriet Tubman was born a slave. She escaped slavery in her early 20s.
• Harriet Tubman was a confidante of John Brown.
• Harriet Tubman was a frequent guest at the home of Ralph Waldo Emerson.
• There was a $40,000 ransom for Harriet Tubman’s capture.
• Harriet Tubman opened a home for the elderly on land that she owned.
• Harriet Tubman made about 19 trips to the South the free more than 100 slaves.
[SOURCE: “Black Manhattan” By: James Weldon Johnson]
In her autobiography, Beverly Johnson discusses the cuisine she was introduced to when she was on a photo shoot in Brazil: “I always enjoyed tasting the local cuisine of every country I visited during my career…Brazil’s national dish is feijoada, a tasty stew that differs throughout the country, but where I was it comprised beans, fresh pork or beef, cabbage, kale, potatoes, okra, carrots, and pumpkin in one large yummy meal. Feijoada had been served to Brazilian slaves, because it contained the unwanted part of the pig (such as the feet, nose, ears) and cheap black beans. This made me think of African-American slaves who were fed with the leftovers of whatever was served in the main house on the plantation.”
Lloyd Ferguson is the first African American to receive a Ph.D in chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley.
While a student at the University of California, Lloyd Ferguson created a compound that is capable of gaining and losing oxygen extremely quickly. This compound has been used as a source of oxygen for submarines.
Mr. Ferguson also created the first doctoral program in chemistry at an African American university; Howard University.
Prolific inventor Otis Boykin created dozens of inventions. His inventions include: A control device for the heart pacemaker, an improved electrical resistor used in electronic devices, a chemical air filter, a missile guider,and a burglar-proof cash register.
“South Carolina’s slave-plantation owners had known nothing about how to grow and irrigate rice. That knowledge was brought to the low country by Africans stolen from Sierra Leone by the Royal African Company of England. As the slaves produced the rice that made the plantation owners rich, their glistening backs bore the branded acronym of their corporate captors: R.A.C.E.” -From, “The Reckoning” By: Randall Robinson
Oklahoma, the 46th state to join the United States, was established in 1907. The word Oklahoma comes from the language of the Choctaw. It literally means, “land of the red people.” Many people of African descent formed towns in Oklahoma early on in the state’s formative years.
On December 18, 1907, a month after Oklahoma was founded, the state’s legislature passed its first Jim Crow law, calling for segregation on all forms of public transportation.
Black people who lived amongst the Creek Nation were called Creek Freeman. The Creek Freeman founded several towns in the United States, including an Oklahoma town that they named Twine. The town was named after William Henry Twine. Mr. Twine was a businessman, lawyer, and the owner and operator of the newspaper the Muskogee Cimeter. He was also known as a fierce advocate for his people.