Archive for October, 2012

Slavery After Emancipation: Debt Slavery & Forced Confessions In Kangaroo Courts

“The county convict leasing system, with its efficient mechanisms for forcing Black men to do the bidding of White business operators, soon leached into the process of collecting debts of any kind. White farmers who advanced money to Black tenants at the beginning of a crop season began to enforce their debts not by evicting […]

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Definitions Better Than Webster’s: POWER

“Power is defined, in physics, as any form of energy or force available for work or applied to produce motion or pressure. Used in terms of social dynamics, the term power has essentially the same meaning, namely, the force required to bring about- or to prevent- social, political, or economic changes. It is relevant to […]

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Black History Fact Of The Day

Wilberforce Colony in Ontario, Canada, was established in 1816 by “free Black Americans.” Tweet

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Quote Of The Day

“The past is behind, learn from it. The future is ahead, prepare for it. The present is here, live it.” -Thomas S. Monson Tweet

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Slavery After Emancipation: The Beginning Of The Prison Industrial Complex- Part 4

“By the end of Reconstruction in 1877, every formerly Confederate state except Virginia had adopted the practice of leasing Black prisoners into commercial hands. There were variations among the states, but all shared the same basic formula. Nearly all the penal functions of government were turned over to the companies purchasing convicts. In return for […]

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Slavery After Emancipation: The Beginning Of The Prison Industrial Complex- Part 3

“In 1871, Tennessee leased its nearly eight hundred prisoners, nearly all of them Black to Thomas O’Conner, a founding partner along with Arthur Colyar of Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Co. In the four decades after the war, as Coylar built his company into an industrial behemoth, its center of operations gradually shifted to Alabama, […]

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Black History Fact Of The Day

In 1872, Frederick Douglass became the first African-American nominee for Vice President of the United States. Tweet

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Quote Of The Day

“The beauty of a woman is not in the clothes she wears, the figure that she carries, or the way she combs her hair. The beauty of a woman is seen in her eyes, because that is the doorway to her heart, the place where love resides. True beauty in a woman is reflected in […]

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Slavery After Emancipation: The Beginning Of The Prison Industrial Complex- Part 2

“Hardly a year after the end of the war, in 1866, Alabama governor Robert M. Patton, in return for the total sum of $5, leased for six years his state’s 374 state prisoners to a company calling itself ‘Smith and McMillen.’ The transaction was in fact a sham, as the partnership was actually controlled by […]

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Slavery After Emancipation: The Beginning Of The Prison Industrial Complex- Part 1

“With the southern economy in ruins, state officials limited to the barest resources, and county governments with even fewer, the concept of reintroducing the forced labor of Blacks as a means of funding government services was viewed by Whites as an inherently practical method of eliminating the cost of building prisons and returning Blacks to […]

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